The special populations identified in Perkins IV are:
individual with a disability: The term ‘individual with a disability’ means an individual with any disability (as defined in section 3 of the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (42 U.S.C. 12102)).
individual who is economically disadvantaged: The term “economically disadvantaged” means individuals from economically disadvantaged families, including foster children. The term is also applied to students enrolled in public two-year colleges and school districts who are the recipients of PELL grants.
individual with limited English proficiency: The term ‘individual with limited English proficiency’ means a secondary school student, an adult, or an out-of-school youth, who has limited ability in speaking, reading, writing, or understanding the English language, and-(A) whose native language is a language other than English; or (B) who lives in a family or community environment in which a language other than English is the dominant language.
individual preparing for nontraditional field: The term ‘individual preparing for nontraditional field’ means a student preparing for an occupation or field of work in a nontraditional field. The term ‘nontraditional field’ means occupations or field of work, including careers in computer science, technology, and other current and emerging high skill occupations, for which individuals from one gender comprise less than 25 percent of the individuals employed in each such occupation or field of work.
single parent: The term “single parent” means an unmarried parent. The term “single parent” includes single pregnant women.
displaced homemaker: The term ‘displaced homemaker’ means an individual who-
A)(i) has worked primarily without remuneration to care for a home and family, and for that reason has diminished marketable skills; (ii) has been dependent on the income of another family member but is no longer supported by that income; or (iii) is a parent whose youngest dependent child will become ineligible to receive assistance under part A of title IV of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 601 et seq.) not later than 2 years after the date on which the parent applies for assistance under such title; and (B) is unemployed or underemployed and is experiencing difficulty in obtaining or upgrading employment.